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Watch : Nutrition In The First 1000 Days Of A Child’s Life

Food

Malnutrition has serious effects on a child’s development. It is important that sufficient food is given to a child in the early stages of life in order to encourage optimal physical growth.

Because children grow rapidly and are dependent on others for food, they are more vulnerable to malnutrition. As a result, the lack of nutrition can lead to secondary malnourishment that causes problems with absorption, which then leads to illnesses like diarrhoea.

According to the South African Demographic and Health Survey (SADHS), 27% of children show signs of chronic malnourishment-stunting (shorter than normal for age). This has a direct impact on the long-term physical and mental development of children.

These effects include:

  • Less resilient bodies
  • Lower IQ
  • Weaker immune system
  • Malnourished mothers give birth to malnourished babies
  • Greater risk for serious diseases such as cancer
  • Death (In 2016, the rate of deaths associated with severe acute malnutrition among children younger than five was 8%)

Ideas on how to assist

Vegetable gardens

Clean fresh water

Buying fruit and vegetables that are
in season are cheaper

Buy tinned fruit and vegetables
as a second option

View References

View References

Clark, M.A. 2016. Five Important Facts about Stunting from Malnutrition. https://borgenproject.org/five-facts-stunting-malnutrition/Date of access: 21 March 2018.

Louw, D. & Louw, A. 2007. Die Ontwikkeling van die Kind en die Adolessent. Bloemfontein : Psychology Publications. p.153.

National Department of Health. 2016. South African Demographic and Health Survey - key indicator report . Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. p.27.

Stats SA. 2018. Investing in Early Childhood Development is the Future . www.statssa.gov.za/?p=10950 Date of access: 15 Oct. 2018.

1000 Days. 2018. Stunting . https://thousanddays.org/the-issue/stunting/ Date of access: 22 March 2018.

UNICEF - Nutrition in the First 1000 days of a child’s life. (video). 2013. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NymebwpbL4c&feature=youtu.be Date of access: 5 March 2018

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